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A Brief History of the Bible

The evolution of the Bible and its translations is something worth looking into. The Christian Bible is one of the most published books and is one of the first few books to be published in volumes. The Bible is also known for being translated into many languages.

Oral tradition is the reason why we have the privilege of reading the oldest parts of the Bible. Many believers adhere to the belief that these parts were given to Moses by God. Despite it being translated to many languages, the origins of the Bible remain a matter of faith. It was only after a few hundred years that the Jews wrote down their scriptures.

The Old Testament first existed as a written text in three languages. The Hebrew language and the Aramaic language are two of the three languages. The Hebrew language has remained as the primary language of the Jewish people.
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Aramaic is one of the languages spoken near the Middle East. In those times, Arabic wasn’t used as widely as it is being used today. Because during Jesus’ time, Aramaic was the common tongue, it is believed that he used this language as well.
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The common Greek language was used in the writing of the New Testament which was what was being used in the part of the world where it was written. This specific kind of Greek language is called Koine Greek. The popularity of this language was mainly because of the spread of Alexander the Great’s empire. The Koine Greek language evolved from classical Greek language. Because Koine Greek was popular during the time of Jesus, it is also believed that this was Jesus’ second language.

The New Testament as we have them today were written by Athanasius, the Bishop of Alexandria. The present number and order of the New Testament was first written by Pope Damasus I in a letter. The Council of Carthage is responsible for making the Catholic Bible’s books canon. The Catholic Bible is made up of the same 46 books present in the original collection of Old Testament books used before present era.

The Catholic Bible has more books in the Old Testament compared to the Christian Bible which has 7 less books in the Old Testament.

The Fourth Council of Carthage came to a conclusion to keep the Canons as they were at that time. The Council of Trent is the longest lasting council in recorded Church history. They made the Bible and its existing books what it is today for Catholics.

The Bible was the first ever book published when the printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg. The King James Version (KJV) came to life when King James of England asked scholars to translate the Bible.

The changing landscape of the English language made it difficult for readers to understand the Old English used in the King James Version. This called for the creation of a new translation called The New King James Version. The gradual completion of the New King James Version led to the three stages of release of the Bible.

The next translation of the Bible is the New American Standard Bible. The NASB corrected some errata using contemporary English. This aimed to make the text used as close to the original Greek and Hebrew texts as possible. The NASB was updated in 1995 for a better reading experience.

And since language is changing constantly, the New International Version (NIV) was created. More than a hundred scholars worked on the NIV. It took them ten years to come up with the NIV translation. Before this, the translation was planned for about ten years. The NIV is very widely used at present.

The International Children’s Bible and the New Century Bible are mainly for younger readers.

The evolution and creation of the Bible reflects so much about Christian history.